Emergent Readers

Emergent readers are students who are beginning to demonstrate sound/symbol relationships, possess phonemic awareness, a sense of story (beginning, middle, end), and show listening (receptive) and retelling (expressive) skills.

The following tools may be useful for supporting emergent readers:

Tar Heel Reader – a collection of free, easy-to-read, and accessible books on a wide range of topics. Each book can be speech enabled and accessed using multiple interfaces, including touch screens, the IntelliKeys with custom overlays, and 1 to 3 switches.


Predictable Chart Writing

Sentence Strips

Shared Reading

Personalized Books

See Dave’s Literacy and Disability site (David Koppenhaver) for additional resources for low incidence emergent reader instruction

Electronic Resources

Bookworm – turns any book into a switch-adapted audiobook by using the included SD card to record library of books.



Phonics Pad



Online Resources

Between the Lions

Bitesize Literacy

Goodnight Stories


Literactive – phonemic awareness and phonics activities (PreK – 2nd Grade)

PBS Kids



Storyline Online – stars reading picture books

Storytime -MEL (Michigan E Library)

Woodland Schools Interactive Stories